Islamophobia in the world

Islamophobia is the fear of, hatred of, or prejudice against the religion of Islam or Muslims in general, especially when seen as a geo- political force or a source of terrorism. (according to Wikipedia). Islamophobia is a prejudice, aversion, hostility, or hatred towards Muslims and encompasses any distinction, exclusion, restriction, discrimination, or preference against Muslims that has the purpose or effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, Read more…

Civil War in Islamic Countries

 The question arose when this topic blinks in everyone’ s mind; Are Muslim Countries main site of Civil War? Are Muslim Countries more prone to violence? Why most of today’s wars are there in Muslim Countries? When will the never ending civil wars in Muslim Countries be ended?  “Most wars across the world are taking place in majority-Muslim countries, with Muslims mainly fighting each other.” The Washington Post         Two concepts increasingly dominate public Read more…

History of Ukraine

Ukraine is a unitary multiparty republic with a single legislative body; the president is the head of state, and the prime minister is the head of government.  Occupation of Ukraine by Different Empires and Countries: The Cimmerians, Scythians, and Sarmatians invaded and occupied different parts of Ukraine in the first millennium BCE, while the Goths, Huns, Bulgars, Avars, Khazars, and Magyars invaded and occupied different portions of Ukraine in the first millennium CE (Hungarians). After the Read more…

Russia- The Largest Country

The Russian Federation is the largest country in the world. It stretches from Northern Asia to Eastern Europe and occupies an area of 17 Million sq.km. The Federation is composed of 46 provinces, 21 republics, 4 autonomous okrugs, 9 krays, 2 federal cities, and 1 autonomous oblast.  Russia is blessed with natural resources. It contributes a leading role in minerals exports. It has almost 2% of world’s bauxite, 6% of world’s aluminum, 30% world’s iron, 22% of world’s titanium. Russia Read more…

CPEC Transportation Projects

Hakla- D.I Khan Motorway: This project was completed and inaugurated on January 5th, 2022. Its total length is​ 285 km length and is 4 lane motorway and will be upgraded to 6 lanes in the future. It has cost 122,181 Million PKR. KKH Phase II (Havelian – Thakot Section): Havelian- Thakot motorway is the early harvest Project category which starts from Havelian and ends at Thakot. The total length of this section is 120 km worth Read more…

Energy Projects of CPEC

CPEC (China- Pakistan Economic Corridor) is a group of infrastructure projects in Pakistan that are under construction in Pakistan since May 22nd, 2013. The value of the CPEC project is worth $62 billion as of 2020. The main purpose of CPEC is to improve the lives of people of Pakistan and China by building an economic corridor promoting bilateral connectivity, construction, exploring potential bilateral investment, economic and trade, logistics, and people-to-people contact for regional connectivity. Former Prime Minister of Pakistan Imran Read more…

ML-1 (Main Line-1)

Upgradation and Dualization of ML-1 and establishment of a dry port near Havelian:   The Executive Committee of the National Economic Council (ECNEC) had approved ML-1 at an estimated cost of $6.806 Billion on the 90:10% cost-sharing basis by the China and Pakistani side.      The ECNEC had basically three different components of the ML-1 project including package-I of ML-I at the cost of US$ 2.7 billion which include Nawabshah-Rohri Section (183 Km), Multan-Lahore Section (339 Km), Lahore-Lalamusa Section (132 Km), Kaluwal-Pindora Section (52 Km) and up-gradation Read more…

The Land of Natural Resources

 Africa is the world’s second largest continent by area (30.37 Million km2). Africa is the site of largest desert (the Sahara Desert), the longest river (the Nile River), more than 3,000 fascinating tribes and cultures, home of largest land living animal, geological wonders, vibrant cities and world’s best tropical beaches. Also, Africa is the richest continent in the world in terms of natural and mineral resources. The continent of Africa has; 30% of the world’s mineral Read more…

Into the Mountains of Pakistan

Kaghan Valley: The Kaghan Valley; Prior to the building of Karakoram Highway. Following to the Kunhar River along the Kaghan Valley to Babusar Pass (about 4,150 meters high), it joined the Indus near Chilas. While the scenery here contrasts with the high Karakoram, the journey up the Kaghan Valley provides a gradual and sober introduction to the mountains of Northern Pakistan.  At the northern edge of the monsoon belt, Kaghan supports an abundance of vegetation. The general lushness of the Read more…

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Once a person, sitting with his wife in Riyadh, saw a picture of an African child. He told his wife that when he was five, his mother passed away. He had many stepmothers and brothers but he was brought up like an orphan. He also told her he was so weak and couldn’t walk properly. He was no one but the third king of KSA (Shah Faisal Bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud). In the early 20th century, in East of Saudi Arabia at Dammam people Read more…